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|* http://www.classiccmp.org/mailman/htdig/cctalk/2005-March/188582.html <- live system|
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|* http://www.brouhaha.com/~eric/software/asm21/ - hp assembler in perl|
The FirstComputer that TimRiker ever worked on was at [http://www.penfield.edu/phs/ Penfield High School] in [http://www.penfield.org/web/ Penfield, New York]. It may have been an HP-2114C model. It used a form of time shared basic, but it was not a dual cpu model cabinet. It was running a time shared basic environment. Perhaps the "TIME-SHARING EXECUTIVE" mentioned in the [http://oscar.taurus.com/~jeff/2100/family/family.html sales brochure]?
The system config as best recollected:
- HP-2114 style cover with 16 connected touch switches
- mounted in a rack mount cabinet
- 32k of RAM installed split 5/5/3/3 or similar for the 2 CRTs, card reader and teletype
[http://www.pdp8.net/asr33/asr33.shtml ASR-33 teletype] with punch tape reader (writer?)
- 1 text crt terminal
- 1 "graphics" terminal (honeywell? I remember it had a graphics character set with a toggle button)
- 2? disk drives. (type? 8" floppy? drum?
- card reader
- line printer
- external tape punch was not connected.
Here are some useful links:
http://kmt.hku.nl/~hans/pdf_files/hp2114c.pdf <- large pdf brochure
http://d116.com/vcf/east/1.0/ - see hp2114a.jpg
http://oscar.taurus.com/~jeff/2100/ <- pictures, even some software!
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/hp/21xx/ <- many of the manuals in pdf format
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/hp/2000TSB/ <- Timeshare BASIC specific stuff
http://www.infionline.net/~wtnewton/oldcomp/hp2100/ <- new OS in development, if you can believe that.
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/hp/21xx/poyner1.htm <- article about the history
http://simh.trailing-edge.com/ <- SIMH simulator
http://kmt.hku.nl/~hans/contents_pages/digital.htm - pdf bruchures, etc.
http://www.classiccmp.org/HP/ - more docs and some tape dumps
http://www.decodesystems.com/hp2000/ - info and basic code
http://descanso.jpl.nasa.gov/RCSGSO/Proceedings/Paper/A0053Paper.pdf <- success story, includes document numbers of the needed pieces
http://forums1.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/questionanswer.do?threadId=123682 - HP support questions with 1967 article re 2116 launch
http://www.pgcps.org/~mgemeny/access/ <- live system?
http://www.brouhaha.com/~eric/software/tsbutils/ - tape utilities for *nix
http://www.brouhaha.com/~eric/software/asm21/ - hp assembler in perl
install SIMH above and start "hp2100"
load the hp basic sources: "LO basic1.abs"
jump into basic "GO 100"
input a simple program like this one "forever":
10 DEF FNA(X)=ATN(TAN(ATN(TAN(ATN(TAN(ATN(TAN(ATN(TAN(X)))))))))) 20 DEF FNB(X)=FNA(FNA(FNA(FNA(FNA(FNA(FNA(FNA(FNA(FNA(FNA(X))))))))))) 30 DEF FNC(X)=FNB(FNB(FNB(FNB(FNB(FNB(FNB(FNB(FNB(FNB(FNB(X))))))))))) 40 DEF FND(X)=FNC(FNC(FNC(FNC(FNC(FNC(FNC(FNC(FNC(FNC(FNC(X))))))))))) 50 DEF FNE(X)=FND(FND(FND(FND(FND(FND(FND(FND(FND(FND(FND(X))))))))))) 60 DEF FNF(X)=FNE(FNE(FNE(FNE(FNE(FNE(FNE(FNE(FNE(FNE(FNE(X))))))))))) 80 PRINT FNF(1) 90 END
list the program: "LIST"
then run it: "RUN"
note that on real hardware this silly recursive program could take a very long time to finish. On a 1G ppc debian linux box with SIMH 3.3.1-1 it takes about a half hour and then prints 1.
Here's a more useful program I whipped up that graphs trig functions
100 REM TRIG BY TIM RIKER <TIM@RIKERS.ORG> 110 LET X1=-3.2 120 LET X2=3.2 130 LET X3=.1 140 LET Y1=-1.5 150 LET Y2=1.5 160 LET Y3=(Y2-Y1)/70 170 LET X4=(-X1)/X3 200 FOR X0=0 TO (X2-X1)/X3 210 LET X=X1+(X3*X0) 220 LET S0=INT(((SIN(X)-Y1)/Y3)-.5) 230 LET C0=INT(((COS(X)-Y1)/Y3)-.5) 240 LET T0=INT(((TAN(X)-Y1)/Y3)-.5) 250 LET Y0=INT(((0-Y1)/Y3)-.5) 300 FOR Y=0 TO 70 310 IF Y=T0 THEN 520 320 IF Y=S0 THEN 540 330 IF Y=C0 THEN 560 340 IF Y=Y0 THEN 580 350 IF X0=X4 THEN 600 500 PRINT " "; 510 GOTO 700 520 PRINT "T"; 530 GOTO 700 540 PRINT "S"; 550 GOTO 700 560 PRINT "C"; 570 GOTO 700 580 PRINT "X"; 590 GOTO 700 600 PRINT "Y"; 700 NEXT Y 710 PRINT "" 720 NEXT X0 999 END