There are two other commands that also perform build-related functions. However, they do not use the rpm -b command syntax that we've been studying so far. Instead of specifying the name of the spec file, as with rpm -b, it's necessary to specify the name of the source package file.
Why the difference in syntax? The reason has to do with the differing functions of these commands. Unlike rpm -b, where the name of the game is to get software packaged into binary and source package files, these commands use an already-existing source package file as input. Let's take a look at them:
The --recompile option directs RPM to perform the following steps:
While you might think this sounds a great deal like an install of the source package file, followed by an rpm -bi, this is not entirely the case. Using --recompile, the only file required is the source package file. After the software is built and installed, the only thing left, other than the newly installed software, is the original source package file.
The --recompile option is normally used when a previously installed package needs to be recompiled. --recompile comes in handy when software needs to be compiled against a new version of the kernel.
Here's what RPM displays during a --recompile:
# rpm --recompile cdplayer-1.0-1.src.rpm
Installing cdplayer-1.0-1.src.rpm * Package: cdplayer Executing: %prep ... + exit 0 Executing: %build ... + exit 0 Executing: %install ... + exit 0 Executing: special doc ... + exit 0 Executing: sweep ... + exit 0 #
The very first line shows RPM installing the source package. After that are ordinary executions of the %prep, %build, and %install sections of the spec file. Finally, the cleanup of the software's build directory takes place, just as if the --clean option had been specified.
Since rpm -i or rpm -U are not being used to install the software, the RPM database is not updated during a --recompile. This means that doing a --recompile on an already-installed package may result in problems down the road, when RPM is used to upgrade or verify the package.
Package builders, particularly those that create packages for multiple architectures, often need to build their packages starting from the original sources. The --rebuild option does this, starting from a source package file. Here is the list of steps it performs:
Like the --recompile option, --rebuild cleans up after itself. The only difference between the two commands is the fact that --rebuild also creates a binary package file. The only remnants of a --rebuild are the original source package, the newly installed software, and a new binary package file.
Package builders find this command especially handy, as it allows them to create new binary packages using one command, with no additional cleanups required. There are several times when --rebuild is normally used:
Here's an example of the --rebuild option in action:
# rpm --rebuild cdplayer-1.0-1.src.rpm
Installing cdplayer-1.0-1.src.rpm * Package: cdplayer Executing: %prep ... + exit 0 Executing: %build ... + exit 0 Executing: %install ... + exit 0 Executing: special doc ... + exit 0 Binary Packaging: cdplayer-1.0-1 ... Executing: %clean ... + exit 0 Executing: sweep ... + exit 0 #
The very first line shows RPM installing the source package. The lines after that are ordinary executions of the %prep, %build, and %install sections of the spec file. Next, a binary package file is created. Finally, the spec file's %clean section (if one exists) is executed. The cleanup of the software's build directory takes place, just as if the --clean option had been specified.
That completes our overview of the commands used to build packages with RPM. In the next chapter, we'll look at the various macros that are available and how they can make life easier for the package builder.